libzypp  17.3.0
zypp::ExternalProgram Class Reference

Execute a program and give access to its io An object of this class encapsulates the execution of an external program. More...

#include <ExternalProgram.h>

Inheritance diagram for zypp::ExternalProgram:

Public Types

enum  Stderr_Disposition { Normal_Stderr, Discard_Stderr, Stderr_To_Stdout, Stderr_To_FileDesc }
 Define symbols for different policies on the handling of stderr. More...
 
typedef std::vector< std::string > Arguments
 
typedef std::map< std::string, std::string > Environment
 For passing additional environment variables to set. More...
 

Public Member Functions

 ExternalProgram (std::string commandline, Stderr_Disposition stderr_disp=Normal_Stderr, bool use_pty=false, int stderr_fd=-1, bool default_locale=false, const Pathname &root="")
 Start the external program by using the shell /bin/sh with the option -c. More...
 
 ExternalProgram ()
 Start an external program by giving the arguments as an arry of char *pointers. More...
 
 ExternalProgram (const Arguments &argv, Stderr_Disposition stderr_disp=Normal_Stderr, bool use_pty=false, int stderr_fd=-1, bool default_locale=false, const Pathname &root="")
 
 ExternalProgram (const Arguments &argv, const Environment &environment, Stderr_Disposition stderr_disp=Normal_Stderr, bool use_pty=false, int stderr_fd=-1, bool default_locale=false, const Pathname &root="")
 
 ExternalProgram (const char *const *argv, Stderr_Disposition stderr_disp=Normal_Stderr, bool use_pty=false, int stderr_fd=-1, bool default_locale=false, const Pathname &root="")
 
 ExternalProgram (const char *const *argv, const Environment &environment, Stderr_Disposition stderr_disp=Normal_Stderr, bool use_pty=false, int stderr_fd=-1, bool default_locale=false, const Pathname &root="")
 
 ExternalProgram (const char *binpath, const char *const *argv_1, bool use_pty=false)
 
 ExternalProgram (const char *binpath, const char *const *argv_1, const Environment &environment, bool use_pty=false)
 
 ~ExternalProgram ()
 
int close ()
 Wait for the progamm to complete. More...
 
bool kill ()
 Kill the program. More...
 
bool running ()
 Return whether program is running. More...
 
pid_t getpid ()
 return pid More...
 
const std::string & command () const
 The command we're executing. More...
 
const std::string & execError () const
 Some detail telling why the execution failed, if it failed. More...
 
std::ostream & operator>> (std::ostream &out_r)
 Redirect all command output to an ostream. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from zypp::externalprogram::ExternalDataSource
 ExternalDataSource (FILE *inputfile=0, FILE *outputfile=0)
 Create a new instance. More...
 
virtual ~ExternalDataSource ()
 Implicitly close the connection. More...
 
bool send (const char *buffer, size_t length)
 Send some data to the output stream. More...
 
bool send (std::string s)
 Send some data down the stream. More...
 
size_t receive (char *buffer, size_t length)
 Read some data from the input stream. More...
 
std::string receiveLine ()
 Read one line from the input stream. More...
 
std::string receiveUpto (char c)
 Read characters into a string until character c is read. More...
 
void setBlocking (bool mode)
 Set the blocking mode of the input stream. More...
 
FILE * inputFile () const
 Return the input stream. More...
 
FILE * outputFile () const
 Return the output stream. More...
 

Static Public Member Functions

static void renumber_fd (int origfd, int newfd)
 origfd will be accessible as newfd and closed (unless they were equal) More...
 

Protected Member Functions

int checkStatus (int)
 

Private Member Functions

void start_program (const char *const *argv, const Environment &environment, Stderr_Disposition stderr_disp=Normal_Stderr, int stderr_fd=-1, bool default_locale=false, const char *root=NULL)
 

Private Attributes

bool use_pty
 Set to true, if a pair of ttys is used for communication instead of a pair of pipes. More...
 
pid_t pid
 
int _exitStatus
 
std::string _command
 Store the command we're executing. More...
 
std::string _execError
 Remember execution errors like failed fork/exec. More...
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Protected Attributes inherited from zypp::externalprogram::ExternalDataSource
FILE * inputfile
 
FILE * outputfile
 

Detailed Description

Execute a program and give access to its io An object of this class encapsulates the execution of an external program.

It starts the program using fork and some exec.. call, gives you access to the program's stdio and closes the program after use.

const char* argv[] =
{
"/usr/bin/foo,
"--option1",
"--option2",
NULL
};
ExternalProgram prog( argv,
ExternalProgram::Discard_Stderr,
false, -1, true);
string line;
for(line = prog.receiveLine();
! line.empty();
line = prog.receiveLine() )
{
stream << line;
}
prog.close();

Definition at line 58 of file ExternalProgram.h.

Member Typedef Documentation

◆ Arguments

typedef std::vector<std::string> zypp::ExternalProgram::Arguments

Definition at line 63 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ Environment

typedef std::map<std::string,std::string> zypp::ExternalProgram::Environment

For passing additional environment variables to set.

Definition at line 80 of file ExternalProgram.h.

Member Enumeration Documentation

◆ Stderr_Disposition

Define symbols for different policies on the handling of stderr.

Enumerator
Normal_Stderr 
Discard_Stderr 
Stderr_To_Stdout 
Stderr_To_FileDesc 

Definition at line 69 of file ExternalProgram.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

◆ ExternalProgram() [1/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( std::string  commandline,
Stderr_Disposition  stderr_disp = Normal_Stderr,
bool  use_pty = false,
int  stderr_fd = -1,
bool  default_locale = false,
const Pathname root = "" 
)

Start the external program by using the shell /bin/sh with the option -c.

You can use io direction symbols < and >.

Parameters
commandlinea shell commandline that is appended to /bin/sh -c.
default_localewhether to set LC_ALL=C before starting
rootdirectory to chroot into; or just 'cd' if '/'l; nothing if empty

Definition at line 44 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ExternalProgram() [2/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( )

Start an external program by giving the arguments as an arry of char *pointers.

If environment is provided, varaiables will be added to the childs environment, overwriting existing ones.

Initial args starting with # are discarded but some are treated specially: #/[path] - chdir to /[path] before executing

Stdin redirection: If the 1st argument starts with a '<', the remaining part is treated as file opened for reading on standard input (or /dev/null if empty).

// cat file /tmp/x
const char* argv[] = { "</tmp/x", "cat", NULL };
ExternalProgram prog( argv );

Stdout redirection: If the 1st argument starts with a '>', the remaining part is treated as file opened for writing on standard output (or /dev/null if empty).

Definition at line 38 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ExternalProgram() [3/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( const Arguments argv,
Stderr_Disposition  stderr_disp = Normal_Stderr,
bool  use_pty = false,
int  stderr_fd = -1,
bool  default_locale = false,
const Pathname root = "" 
)

Definition at line 63 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ExternalProgram() [4/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( const Arguments argv,
const Environment environment,
Stderr_Disposition  stderr_disp = Normal_Stderr,
bool  use_pty = false,
int  stderr_fd = -1,
bool  default_locale = false,
const Pathname root = "" 
)

Definition at line 85 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ExternalProgram() [5/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( const char *const *  argv,
Stderr_Disposition  stderr_disp = Normal_Stderr,
bool  use_pty = false,
int  stderr_fd = -1,
bool  default_locale = false,
const Pathname root = "" 
)

Definition at line 109 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ExternalProgram() [6/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( const char *const *  argv,
const Environment environment,
Stderr_Disposition  stderr_disp = Normal_Stderr,
bool  use_pty = false,
int  stderr_fd = -1,
bool  default_locale = false,
const Pathname root = "" 
)

Definition at line 122 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ExternalProgram() [7/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( const char *  binpath,
const char *const *  argv_1,
bool  use_pty = false 
)

Definition at line 136 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ExternalProgram() [8/8]

zypp::ExternalProgram::ExternalProgram ( const char *  binpath,
const char *const *  argv_1,
const Environment environment,
bool  use_pty = false 
)

Definition at line 152 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ ~ExternalProgram()

zypp::ExternalProgram::~ExternalProgram ( )

Definition at line 169 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

Member Function Documentation

◆ close()

int zypp::ExternalProgram::close ( )
virtual

Wait for the progamm to complete.

Reimplemented from zypp::externalprogram::ExternalDataSource.

Definition at line 427 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ kill()

bool zypp::ExternalProgram::kill ( )

Kill the program.

Definition at line 542 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ running()

bool zypp::ExternalProgram::running ( )

Return whether program is running.

Definition at line 554 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ getpid()

pid_t zypp::ExternalProgram::getpid ( )
inline

return pid

Definition at line 165 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ command()

const std::string& zypp::ExternalProgram::command ( ) const
inline

The command we're executing.

Definition at line 168 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ execError()

const std::string& zypp::ExternalProgram::execError ( ) const
inline

Some detail telling why the execution failed, if it failed.

Empty if the command is still running or successfully completed.

  • Can't open pty (s).
  • Can't open pipe (s).
  • Can't fork (s).
  • Command exited with status d.
  • Command was killed by signal d (s).

Definition at line 180 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ renumber_fd()

void zypp::ExternalProgram::renumber_fd ( int  origfd,
int  newfd 
)
static

origfd will be accessible as newfd and closed (unless they were equal)

Definition at line 578 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ operator>>()

std::ostream & zypp::ExternalProgram::operator>> ( std::ostream &  out_r)

Redirect all command output to an ostream.

Returns when the command has completed.

std::ostringstream s;
ExternalProgram("pwd") >> s;
SEC << s.str() << endl;
std::ostringstream s;
ExternalProgram prog("ls -l wrzl");
prog >> s;
if ( prog.close() == 0 )
MIL << s.str() << endl;
else
ERR << prog.execError() << endl;

Definition at line 590 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ checkStatus()

int zypp::ExternalProgram::checkStatus ( int  status)
protected

Definition at line 502 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

◆ start_program()

void zypp::ExternalProgram::start_program ( const char *const *  argv,
const Environment environment,
Stderr_Disposition  stderr_disp = Normal_Stderr,
int  stderr_fd = -1,
bool  default_locale = false,
const char *  root = NULL 
)
private

Definition at line 174 of file ExternalProgram.cc.

Member Data Documentation

◆ use_pty

bool zypp::ExternalProgram::use_pty
private

Set to true, if a pair of ttys is used for communication instead of a pair of pipes.

Definition at line 219 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ pid

pid_t zypp::ExternalProgram::pid
private

Definition at line 221 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ _exitStatus

int zypp::ExternalProgram::_exitStatus
private

Definition at line 222 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ _command

std::string zypp::ExternalProgram::_command
private

Store the command we're executing.

Definition at line 224 of file ExternalProgram.h.

◆ _execError

std::string zypp::ExternalProgram::_execError
private

Remember execution errors like failed fork/exec.

Definition at line 226 of file ExternalProgram.h.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: